Innovation and Reduction of Greenhouse Gases
The MPA integrates the principles of sustainable development into all of its business processes and undertook several innovations in its development projects in 2016.
In an effort to reduce GHG emissions on port territory related to trucking, the MPA launched a new Trucking PORTal in October 2016 that posts, in real time, traffic-related wait times on port territory so that truckers can make informed choices about their movements on the port, better plan their route to container terminals, avoid congestion and save time, all of which will reduce GHG emissions on port territory and in the surrounding area.
This web-based application relies on a combination of RFID (radio-frequency identification) technology and licence plate readers to monitor an entire truck transaction within port territory. This data-capture system provides a snapshot of all trucks entering the port at its common-entry truck portal, moving along the port road and into and out of container terminals, and exiting the port, as well as traffic flows and congestion points, measuring the total truck processing time within port territory. The information is sent to drivers in real time by means of a mobile application that they download on their mobile device (from the Apple App Store or Google Play Store), or directly on their computer (from www.portmtltrucks.com).
The MPA carried out this project in three phases. Phase 1 included updates to access control systems and the installation of the licence plate readers at a number of strategic locations on port territory. Phase 2 provided a database of crossing points and key performance indicators, centralization of access control data from the MPA and various terminals into a central port authority system database, and a compilation of truck processing times and GHG performance indicators.
Phase 3, which was launched in October 2016, provided the dashboard – the electronic transmission of processing times in real time to truckers and dispatchers via SMS (short message service) text alerts, emails, mobile apps and the web. The MPA already has recorded some 10,000 visits per month on the Trucking PORTal web and mobile applications.
The MPA is among the first port authorities in the world to offer its road transport partners an advanced real-time information system on truck traffic on its territory. The project is even more pertinent given the fact that the proportion of trucks moving containers into or out of the port has increased over the past several years.
The MPA worked with entities including the City of Montreal and the Quebec Ministry of Transport, Sustainable Mobility and Transport Electrification, on the initiative. Moreover, Transport Canada contributed $1.375 million toward the project through the Government of Canada’s program of initiatives to reduce GHG and air pollutant emissions.
The MPA is also working on a joint project with the City of Montreal on Intelligent Transportation Systems. The goal of the project is to exchange data in real time, thereby providing information to the city’s urban mobility model.
The MPA pursued projects in 2016 to provide electric shore power service, a very effective way to reduce air emissions from ships’ marine diesel engines. It improves local air quality by providing ships with the possibility to shut down their engines while docked and connect to the electrical grid supplied by renewable energy resources.
The MPA established four on-dock power supply stations at Berths 25, 27, 29 and M2 in 2016 for ships that spend the winter in the port. This use of shore power is expected to reduce GHGs from wintering ships by about 1,500 tonnes annually.
To ensure an adequate power supply for cruise ships, Hydro-Québec installed a new 25 kV line to supply the new substation that was installed at the cruise terminal last summer. It is expected that total GHG reductions resulting from shore power connections for cruise ships could reach up to 1,300 tonnes annually.
The total cost of the shore power projects is $11 million. The Government of Canada is providing up to $5 million under its Shore Power Technology for Ports Program. The Government of Quebec and the MPA are each providing $3 million.